In the context of the pilot activities, NP has also developed a set of web services to facilitate data sharing and file distribution. Moreover, Sentinel-2 data have been exploited for the multitemporal extraction of vegetation indices at parcel level. Following an object-based methodology (where each agricultural parcel is considered as an object) allows the creation of data-driven crop type models (following classification methods) and the analysis of crop growth patterns.
The convergence of high computing power, machine learning, IoT based data streams, geospatial data analysis and satellite imagery is “a perfect storm that’s just beginning to peak” and as such the ambition of the current pilot is to exploit the “produced power” for dealing effectively with CAP demands for agricultural crop type identification, parcel monitoring, collaboration, transparency and analytics. This way the value chain stakeholders (GAIA EPICHEIREIN, farmers, farming cooperations, OPEKEPE etc.) will benefit from the EO-based products and services in key business process, including:
- The farmer decision-making actions during the submission of aid application (proactive control). More specifically, for each agricultural parcel, the developed services will allow the a) automated validation of the declared crop, b) accurate definition of the eligibility area, c) monitoring of the good agricultural and environmental conditions. Each year, farmers as the beneficiaries, must provide evidence to document their eligibility. Their choices during the one-off submission process have great financing impact and may lead to losses or, even worse, trigger penalties. The offered services will boost the farmers’ decision-making power and help them maximize the benefits and minimize the financial risks in relation to the agricultural land for which direct support is requested.
- The Farmer transition towards Smart Farming, i.e. the provision of tools that support not only the compliance with CAP but also assist the adoption and implementation of Smart Farming practices. The proposed services for agricultural and environmental monitoring at parcel level, provide streams of data and facts that can be used for automated irrigation, crop protection, actual crop status and crop variability identification.
The pilot activities deal with the current and upcoming CAP demands for fewer controls, facilitates and expands the adoption of technology to the farmer communities, promotes the penetration of EO deeper into the CAP line of business, provides tools for analytic governance and delivers actionable smart farming content to the information consumers. Moreover, they will raise the awareness of the farmers, agronomists, agricultural advisors, farmer cooperatives and organizations (e.g. groups of producers), national paying agencies (e.g. OPEKEPE) on how new technological tools could facilitate the crop declaration process. In fact, the effectiveness of the pilot will be assessed by measuring specific measurable benefits:
- Decrease in false crop type declarations following the supporting services vs what would be expected based on historical data (information correctness measured as inconsistencies ratio).
- Accuracy in crop type identification.
What is getting more and more obvious is that the aforementioned pilot activities can be considered as a stepping-stone towards dealing with more CAP challenges in the near future. As CAP continues to evolve, there is a broad acceptance that recent technological trends will play a critical role in shaping the main pillars of the agricultural policy, namely: market measures, direct payments and rural development. Based on the lessons learnt from the pilot activities and the the objectives that formulate the future of CAP new tools could tackle additional CAP barriers and cope with:
- the Paying Agencies actions that are related with the automated remote sensing controls. A set of services could allow full scale automatic compliance cross checks (post-declaration control) by the estimation of the crop type for a specific parcel and the identification of “outlier’s”, i.e. parcels that show inconsistencies regarding their declared crop type.
- the performing of analytical governance. Spatial analytics services specially designed for the Paying Agencies can be used for a) monitoring the CAP efficiency and b) the collaboration with other stakeholders such as the national ministries and the EC Policy Makers.
First DataBio Public Workshop
DataBio organises the first public workshop in Rome (Via Alibert, 5/a, 00187 Roma RM), 25th September 2017.
During the workshop the DataBio project and its objectives will be presented including the pilot scenarios. The workshop includes an interactive session where your input and feedback will be appreciated and should lead to a fruitful discussion.
The workshop includes a networking dinner aiming to find potential service providers, partners and customers for developing project ideas and businesses.
The event will be held in Rome in a beautiful location near Piazza di Spagna, inside the historical centre, and will represent an excellent opportunity to enjoy a beautiful European city while establishing business relationships and joining in a big EU funded project aimed to support your own business development.
For registration, please fill in the for below or click on the following link: https://goo.gl/forms/tja1RGIKwIqUGRuE2.
INSPIRE Hack 2017 – update by the 3D Open Land Use Team
This is an update from the 3D Open Land Use project.
Integration of Cesium plugin to HS Layers NG
The project was divided into three phases. Firstly, an integration of Cesium into HS Layers NG was realized – this can be tracked on Github See folders examples/3d-olu and components/cesium at https://github.com/hslayers/hslayers-ng repository. There was also created a local copy of Cesium server (http://cesium.cenia.cz/) for better performance.
Visualization of Open Land Use on top of EU-DEM
The second phase consisted of visualization of Open Land Use in a perspective view, to allow a 3D exploration of the dataset. When exploring the default cesium terrain source, the team realized that the 30 meter resolution EU-DEM is already incorporated.Therefore the terrain source issue was off the table, as the team is not aware of any other more detailed but open source terrain source available at the moment. The “only” remaining issue to solve was then to visualize the Open Land Use WMS on top of the EU-DEM terrain. As using just one WMS leads to slow response times, the two following optimizations were made:
- The land use is rendered from CORINE data for less detailed zooms. Talking technically: till WMS tiles of smaller scale than 1:200 000 are requested by Cesium. The detailed Open Land Use Map is displayed just in closer zooms.
- For the closer zooms, land use polygons of just visible LAU2 municipalities are shown. The technical realization is as follows:
- Bounding boxes of LAU2 municipalities are confronted with an observer’s line of sight. ID’s of positive matches are retrieved.
- Only Open Land Use polygons of selected LAU2 municipalities are displayed.
The resultant application is depicted on following figure and is accessible at the address http://ng.hslayers.org/examples/3d-olu:
Visualization of yield potential on top of detailed terrain
Third phase of 3D Open Land Use hack activity was focused on visualization in higher detail. Therefore a visualization of yield potential from a particular farm was chosen as a use case. A data about yield potential was calculated for Rostěnice farm (a DataBio project agriculture pilot area). This data was then placed on top of digital terrain and digital surface models produced as services by ČÚZK and a web application showing the data on digital surface model was created. Due to licensing issues there is no public link to the application, but we hope in successful agreement with data provider. Meanwhile, you can see the results at least in following video:
Future development and further ideas
The majority of the initial ideas have been achieved, but there are new ideas coming, such e.g. as:
- Displaying detailed information about the OLU categories on click.
- Exploring information about the correlation of yield potential value, local slope and aspect.
- Displaying machinery paths on field.
- Calculation of (at least rough) yield potential or fruit type detection from satellite data.
Thus, our team is still open to new developers wanting to join.
DataBio in the Programme of the INSPIRE Conference 2017
DataBio has got three entries at the INSPIRE Conference 2017.
The third one is a poster presentation. The DataBio poster will be displayed during the main part of the INSPIRE Conference, from Wednesday 6th until Friday 8th September 2017.
The registration for the ISAF&Geomatics in Projects&Plan4all is open
The registration for the 21th International Conference on Information Systems for Agriculture and Forestry (ISAF) & 10th Geomatics in Projects 2017 & 2nd annual conference of Plan4All is open.
For registration, please go to https://kgm.zcu.cz/geomatics-in-projects/participation/.
CREA’s agricultural pilots were launched in Mirandola (ITALY)
Mirandola is a municipality in the province of Modena; here agriculture is highly developed.
The pilots in Mirandola are part of a total of 25 pilots ongoing in the Emilia Romagna region; they are managed in collaboration between CREA and CAMA Mirandola. These pilots were designed to be a powerful technological transfer tool in support of big data technologies as implemented in precision biomass sorghum cropping.
CAMA Mirandola, a cooperative made up of more than 800 agricultural companies, adhered to the DataBio project actions, and has dedicated to DataBio project five piloting sites with total of 10.5 hectares averaging nearly 2 hectares per farm. Each piloting site corresponds to individual farm belonging to individual agricultural company.
The fields were sown in the first week of May 2017, with biomass sorghum for several purposes including but not limited to biogas bioconversion.
The pilots are being monitored for crop growth and development using sentinel-2 satellite in collaboration with VITO.
Currently, the characters being monitored include several indices such as fAPAR. The fAPAR data are used to draw phenology graphs allowing the farmer and CREA scientists to follow “real-time” the crop grow and develop. It becomes possible for the farmer to easily identify the timing for harvest, bypassing the necessity to physically visit the fields, as he used to before. Therefore economies are made particularly in terms of saving on fuels and human resource costs.
CREA scientists together with the manager of CAMA Mirandola visited the pilotes on the 26th of May 2017 shortly after sowing; herein are shown the fields and Google Earth synoptic.
The registration for the INSPIRE Hack 2017 is open
DataBio is a co-organiser of the INSPIRE Hack 2017 which is a hackathon organised in the frame of the INSPIRE Conference 2017.
The registration for the INSPIRE Hack 2017 is open. You can find the details about participation at: www.plan4all.eu
First registered projects for INSPIRE hack are here www.plan4all.eu
Will be good, if some additional partners will add new projects, we have unique chance to start some test of connecting different components or will join already available initiative.
ISAF & Geomatics in Projects & Plan4all Joint Conference
We are pleased to invite you to the 21st International Conference on Information Systems for Agriculture and Forestry (ISAF) & 10th Geomatics in Projects 2017 & 2nd annual conference of Plan4All that will be held on 4th and 5th October 2017 as the Kozel Chateau, Šťáhlavy u Plzně, Czech Republic.
The conference is bilingual. The first day will be held in Czech, the second day in English.
The conference topics include:
- Cultural heritage
- Open data
- Public administration
- Third dimension
1st June 2017 – Call for abstracts
1st June 2017 – Participants registration open
15th September 2017 – Abstract registration deadline
22nd September 2017 – Participants registration deadline
4th – 5th October 2017 – ISAF & Geomatics in Projects & Plan4all Joint conference, Kozel Chateau, Šťáhlavy u Plzně
The Joint conference takes place in the Chateau’s Kozel Riding Hall. More detailed information about other parts of the castle areal can be found at the pages of the chateau Kozel.
Parking for participants of the conference is prepared at inner chateau’s parking.
Description for geo-geeks: 49° 40′ 14.58″N, 13° 31′ 48.47″E.
Further information including registration and abstract submission can be found at https://kgm.zcu.cz/geomatics-in-projects-2017/.
More than 5 months have passed from the beginning of the DataBio project. The kick-off meeting took place in mid-January 2017 in Luxembourg at the premises of the European Commission.
We will use this channel to inform you on the progress, achievements and planned events of the project on a regular basis.
The project consortium is composed of 48 partners.
The start of a project with such a huge consortium is slow and takes time to establish proper communication and collaboration practices. However, DataBio is on its way to define tens of pilots in the agriculture, forestry and fishery domains.
This includes a deep analysis of pilot scenarios and pilot specifications translated into system requirements. This is accompanied by a thorough analysis of available software solutions to process big data and matching these solutions to different pilots.
Presentation of pilots and big data solutions will be part of the following news in this channel.
Please stay tuned!